Steve McClaren confirmed that the Ivory Coast international was denied a visa and consequently was not part of the travelling party who flew to America over the weekend.
People with previous criminal convictions often have difficulties securing a US visa and Tiote was given a seven-month suspended jail sentence for 18 months and 180 hours of community service in October 2013 after admitting possession of a fake driving licence.
McClaren said: “He has had visa complications and trying to get him over the visa issue has been difficult, but it wasn’t successful. He is training back home.”
Newcastle have had problems with visas before when former players Joey Barton and Nile Ranger, who both have criminal convictions, were refused entry during the summer of 2011.
Yohan Cabeye was also denied entry, although his issue was due to an unpaid dentist bill.
New signing Georginio Wijnaldum will join up with the squad, minus Tiote, on Wednesday after completing his move from PSV Eindhoven on Saturday.